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What is a disability?

In Canada, disability is defined as a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more of the major life activities of an individual. This definition is inclusive and considers both visible and invisible disabilities. Visible disabilities might include mobility or sensory impairments, while invisible disabilities encompass conditions such as mental illnesses, chronic pain, or learning disabilities. The Canadian approach emphasizes not only the medical aspect of disability but also the social and environmental factors that impact an individual's ability to participate fully in society. This definition is aligned with the principles of the Canadian Human Rights Act and the Accessibility for Ontarians with Disabilities Act (AODA), which seek to eliminate barriers and promote equality for people with disabilities in various aspects of life, including employment, services, and public spaces.

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